Hispanic (Spanish: hispano, hispánico) is a term that was used to denote a relationship to the ancient Hispania, a country that occupied the Iberian Peninsula. Today, the term Hispanic tends to be used in a restricted sense, referring only to Spain, one of the successor states of Hispania.
In fact, Hispanic can be used to describe those Spanish-speaking countries as well as the people in the United States who are of Spanish or Hispanic American origin. In addition, cultural elements (Spanish names, the Spanish language, Spanish customs, etc) and people known as Hispanic can also be found in other areas that were formerly part of the Spanish Empire. These include Equatorial Guinea in Africa, the Philippines, Guam, and other areas of the former Spanish East Indies in the Pacific Ocean.
Spanish-speaking countries and regions
Today, Spanish is among the most commonly spoken first languages of the world. The reasons are historical: during the Spanish Empire (1492 and 1898), many people migrated from Spain to the conquered lands. They took with them their local language and culture. Genetically, the Spaniards are typically European and are believed to be the longest continuously established population in Europe.
Hispanic countries of interest on this web-section include Spain, Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico.